Posts tagged ‘Traditional Chinese Medicine’

The Meridians: Concepts of the Traditional Chinese Medicine Model

 ~ The Meridians ~

    Conception Vessel / Governing Vessel

    Gall Bladder Meridian

        Heart Meridian

    Kidney Meridian

    Large Intestine Meridian

    Liver Meridian

    Lung Meridian

    Pericardium Meridian

    Small Intestine Meridian

    Spleen Meridian

    Stomach Meridian

    Triple Warmer Meridian

    Urinary Bladder Meridian

 

  •     Conception Vessel / Governing Vessel

The Governing and Conception Vessels are the main rivers of the body’s Yin and Yang energies. They are polar aspects of the body, perfectly complementary, like midnight and midday. They are responsible for the formation of the holoblastic cleavage and the first cellar division of the fertilized ovum in embryological development.The Governing and Conception Vessels each have two energy flows on the anterior and posterior vertical midline of the body. Each vessel’s pathway is complete, being composed of an ascending energetic flow and a descending energetic flow. The duality of these two medial lines joins at the extremities (the head and perineum), forming one complete circle of energetic current. Both vessels are superimposed on each other, with the energy of the Governing Vessel being predominant up the back and inferior down the front (behind the Conception Vessel); the energy of the Conception Vessel is predominant up the front and inferior down the back (behind the Governing Vessel).

  •  Gall Bladder Meridian

 Honorable Minister ~ The Meridian of Admiration

 Gall Bladder: The General’s Adviser

Paired with the Liver

Reservoir for bile

    Controls Central Clearing Department

    Secretes bile required to digest and metabolize fats and oils

    Energy provides muscular strength and vitality

    Works with lymphatic system to clear toxic by-products of metabolism from the muscular system

    Eliminates muscular aches and fatigue

    Ensures smooth flow of vital energy and Blood

    Connected to rage and anger

    Associated with decisiveness, activity, decision making, courage and initiate

  • Heart Meridian

King of the Organs ~ The Meridian of Forgiveness

 Heart: The Emperor

 Rules all of the Zang-Fu organs

    Governs the blood circulation and distribution

    Commands all of the organs and viscera

    Dominates sleep

    Controls all life processes associated with the soul and emotions

    Controls mental activities such as processing, perception and mental health

    Stores Shen – the body’s spirit

    Sensitive to over-exuberance, over-excitement, agitation, panic and sudden fear

    Associated with long-term memory, thinking, emotions, intimacy, cognition, intelligence, and ideas

    Health of Heart is seen in the complexion and tongue and reflected in the taste buds

  •  Kidney Meridian

Minister of Power ~ The Meridian of Sexual Confidence

 Kidneys: Root of Life

 Maintains and Processes body fluids – send “clear fluid”, which circulates through the organs and tissues upwards & send “turbid fluid”, which is transformed into sweat and urine downward

    Coordinate respiration with the Lungs – especially during inhalation

    Control the bones of the entire body and the development of bone marrow that spreads along the spinal cord to the brain

    Rules the bones, teeth, and adrenal glands

    Responsible for the muscles as well as for the connective tissue

    Regulate the body’s acid-alkaline balance (pH)

    Control short-term memory and store data

    Provide the capacity and drive for strength, skill and hard work

    Residence of yin and yang

    Seat of courage and willpower

    Store Jing – vital essence that affects energy and the aging processes

    Sensitive to chronic fear, especially when cause is not addressed

    Associated with wilfulness and stubbornness

    Health of the Kidneys are seen in the head hair and reflected in the ears (sense of hearing)

  •  Large Intestine Meridian

Minister of Transportation ~ The Meridian of Self-Esteem

 Large Intestine

 Paired with the Lungs

    Transports and Transforms food – absorbs the residue of water and turns the rest into waste

    Rules elimination and communicates with the lungs to regulate the transportation function of the body

    Health of the Large Intestine is reflected in stools

  • Liver Meridian

Chief of Staff ~ The Meridian of Happiness

 Liver: The General in Charge of Strategy

 Considered the second Heart of the body

    Laboratory for the entire metabolism

    Responsible for filtering, detoxifying, nourishing,

Replenishing, and storing blood

    Regulates its release into the body as needed

    Associated with the female menstrual cycle

    Regulates the flow of vital energy

    Governs muscle tone

    Governs growth and development, drive and desires, ambitions and creativity.

    Called the “root of resistance to fatigue”

    Stores the “soul” – combination of mental activity, consciousness, determination, Po (vitality), and Hun (ethereal aspect of soul)

    Affected by grief, sorrow and by taking offense

    Health of the Liver is seen in the eyes and nails, and is reflected in the quality of the tendons

    Lung Meridian

Prime Minister ~ The Meridian of Humility

Lungs:

Represents the bronchi, the immune system, allergies and the skin.

    Control respiration and vital energy

    Help to repel invading evils

    Transportation and distribution of nutrients and water, the secretion of sweat and the excretion of urine

    Assist the Heart with the circulation of blood

    Connected with the nose and the sense of smell

    Control the skin (exterior of the body)

    Sensitive to changes in the environment such wind, dampness and coldness

    Responsible for Self-protection and Self-preservation

    Sensitive to emotional feelings and turmoil, such as disappointment, sadness, grief, despair, anxiety, shame, and sorrow

    Store Po – vitality, more associated with the physical side of concentration

    Associated with communication problems

    Health of the Lungs is seen on the skin and in the body hair

  •   Pericardium Meridian

King’s Bodyguard ~ The Meridian of Relaxation, Generosity and Renunciation

 Pericardium:

 Least important of the Zang organs.

Sometimes it is considered a subset of the Small Intestine.

Encloses and Protects the Heart – assists the Heart in controlling excessive energy

    Regulates circulation in the major blood vessels that run in and out of the Heart

    Provides physical protection to the Heart

    Protects the Heart from damage and disruption by excessive emotional energies generated by the other organs

    Associated with the libido

    Reflects perceiving life as a pressure

    Health of the Pericardium is reflected in the Heart

  •  Small Intestine Meridian

Minister of Reception ~ The Meridian of Joy

Small Intestine:

 Paired with the Heart

    Related to the sinuses

    Receives and Contains Water and Food – absorbs pure part and distributes to entire body & impure part goes to Large Intestine

    Separates the pure from the impure, including foods, fluids, thoughts, and beliefs

    Controls the more basic emotions

    Influences mental clarity, judgment, and powers of discernment

    Associated with digesting emotional and mental demands and pressures

  • Spleen Meridian

Minister of the Granary ~ The Meridian of Confidence

Spleen:

In Chinese medicine, the function of the Spleen organ-energy system includes the Pancreas.

 Provide digestive enzymes and energy

    Controls extraction and assimilation of nutrients from food and fluids

    Represents the composition of the blood and the lymphatic fluid as well as their toxin and waste loads, particularly waste in form of proteins

    Keeps blood in the vessels

    Coordinate with the kidneys to control fluid balance throughout the system

    Controls muscle development – responsible for building strong limbs and well-developed muscles

    Controls the limbs and flesh

    Linked to the mouth and appetite

    Nurturing qualities

    Responsible for analytical thinking, memory, cognition, intelligence, and ideas.

    Stores Yin – intention, willpower, determination, or an awareness of the possibilities that are open to us to make changes in our lives

    Sensitive to pensiveness, worry, or over-thinking – dwelling too much on a particular problem, or concentrating too hard for too long

    Associated with pondering over problems, obsession with thoughts

    Health of Spleen is seen in the lips and is reflected by the tone and condition of muscle tissue

  •  Stomach Meridian

Minister of the Mill ~ The Meridian of Content and Calmness

Stomach:

 Paired with the Spleen

    Responsible for providing the entire system with postnatal energy from the digestion of food and fluids

    Produces digestive juices

    Health of the Stomach is reflected in the digestive process

    Spleen and Stomach are very closely associated – the two terms are sometimes used interchangeably

    Associated with annoyance

  •     Triple Warmer Meridian

Minister of Dykes and Dredges ~ The Meridian of Hope

 San Jiao:

It is not a single self-contained organ, but rather a functional energy system involved in regulating the activities of other organs. It is composed of three parts, known as ‘burners’, each associated with one of the body’s three main cavities: thorax, abdomen, and pelvis. Sometimes called the Triple Warmer Organ because the three body cavities are intended to control the body temperatures.

 The Upper, which relates to the chest above the diaphragm. It controls the intake of air, food, and fluids. It harmonizes the functions of Heart and Lungs, governs respiration, and regulates the distribution of protective energy to the body’s external surfaces.

 The Middle, which relates to the area between the diaphragm and navel. It controls digestion by harmonizing the functions of Stomach, Spleen, and Pancreas. It is responsible for extracting nourishing energy from food and fluids and distributing it via the meridian system to the Lungs and other parts of the body.

The Lower, which is located below the navel. It is responsible for separating the pure from the impure products of digestion, absorbing nutrients, and eliminating solid and liquid wastes. It harmonizes the functions of liver, kidney, bladder, and large and small intestines and also regulates sexual and reproductive functions.

 Paired with the Pericardium

    Governs the relationship between all the various organs

    Regulates and Distributes source vital energy

    Embodies all hormone glands

    Responsible for the movement and Transformation of various solids and fluids throughout the system

    Production and Circulation of nourishing energy and protective energy

    Associated with impatience and intense activity

  •     Urinary Bladder Meridian

Minister of the Reservoir ~ The Meridian of Peace and Harmony

 Urinary Bladder:

 Paired with the Kidney

    Represents the entire pelvic area including prostate, uterus, testicles and ovaries and therefore also the sexuality.

    Stores and Discharges turbid materials away from the body

    Related to the functions and balance of the autonomous nervous system

    Associated with resisting change, basic negative attitude

    Health of the Urinary Bladder is reflected in the urinary activity

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